Is Hepatitis A Sexually Transmitted Disease?
Hepatitis A is a highly contagious liver infection caused by the hepatitis A virus (HAV). It commonly spreads through contaminated food or water or by coming into contact with an infected person’s fecal matter. However the question arises is Hepatitis A a sexually transmitted disease (STD)?
Sexual Transmission of Hepatitis A:
The answer is Yes. Hepatitis A can be transmitted sexually but it is not primarily a sexually transmitted infection. The risk of transmission through sexual activity is low but it can happen through oral-anal contact or anal sex with an infected person. When the virus gets into your digestive system it travels to your liver infects it leading to liver failure.
Facts about Sexual Transmission:
Here are some facts about the sexual transmission of hepatitis A:
- People who have multiple sexual partners or engage in unprotected sex are at higher risk of getting the virus.
- An infected person may not show symptoms but still be capable of transmitting the virus to others.
- The virus can be present in fecal matter if not washed properly it can spread through sexual activity.
- People infected with hepatitis A can spread the virus from two weeks before symptoms appear to one week after.
- Certain sexual practices such as anal sex can increase the risk of transmission.
Prevention of Hepatitis A:
To prevent hepatitis A infection you should take the following precautions:
- Wash your hands regularly with soap water before eating after using the washroom after changing diapers.
- Avoid eating raw or undercooked shellfish contaminated food or water.
- Use condoms during sexual activity or practice abstinence if you or your partner are diagnosed with the virus.
- Get vaccinated against hepatitis A if you’re at risk of infection or travel to an area where outbreaks are common.
In conclusion Hepatitis A is a viral liver infection that can be contracted through contaminated food or water but it can also be sexually transmitted. People who are sexually active should take precautions to protect themselves against the virus including practicing safe sex getting vaccinated against hepatitis A. It is essential always to consult with your doctor if you think you have Hepatitis A to receive proper treatment care.
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