Is Periodontal Disease Reversible?
Periodontal disease commonly known as gum disease is a bacterial infection that affects the gums bones other tissues that support our teeth. This disease usually starts with gum inflammation which in the early stage is known as gingivitis but if left untreated it can develop into a more serious condition known as periodontitis.
Understanding Periodontal Disease
Periodontal disease is caused by a build-up of plaque a sticky film of bacteria that adheres to teeth gums. Plaque can harden into tartar leading to inflammation damage to the gums. At this point the disease is in its early stage known as gingivitis.
The symptoms of gingivitis include swollen red bleeding gums. However gingivitis can be treated reversed with good oral hygiene practices such as daily brushing flossing regular visits to the dentist.
If left untreated gingivitis can develop into periodontitis. In this stage the damage to the gums support structures around the teeth can be irreversible. The gums may begin to recede leading to pockets around the teeth where bacteria can accumulate causing further damage.
Treatment for Periodontal Disease
While periodontitis cannot be fully reversed it can be treated effectively. Treatment usually involves a deep cleaning procedure known as scaling root planing. This procedure removes plaque tartar from the teeth gum line smooths the tooth roots to allow the gums to reattach.
In some cases antibiotics may also be prescribed to help fight the infection.
Preventing Periodontal Disease
The best way to prevent periodontal disease is by maintaining good oral hygiene practices. This includes:
– Brushing teeth twice daily with fluoride toothpaste
– Flossing daily
– Using a mouthwash
– Regular dental checkups
Additionally quitting smoking maintaining a healthy diet can also help prevent periodontal disease.
While periodontitis cannot be reversed it can be treated effectively. By taking good care of your oral health seeking treatment as soon as gum inflammation is detected you can prevent the development of periodontal disease maintain good oral health. Regular dental checkups are crucial to help detect periodontal disease in its early stages prevent it from progressing.
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