Understanding Osgood-Schlatter Disease
Osgood-Schlatter Disease (OSD) is a common knee condition that affects adolescents especially those who are very active in sports or other physical activities.
What is Osgood-Schlatter Disease?
OSD is a type of growth-related knee condition that causes pain inflammation just below the kneecap where the patellar tendon attaches to the shinbone. It is named after two physicians – Robert Osgood Carl Schlatter – who first described the condition in 1903 1908 respectively.
The most common symptom of OSD is knee pain especially during activities such as running jumping or climbing stairs. The pain may also occur at rest or at night. Other symptoms may include swelling or tenderness around the affected area.
The exact cause of OSD is not known but it is believed to be related to physical activity especially activities that involve repetitive knee bending jumping. When these activities are performed repeatedly the patellar tendon may pull on the growth plate of the shinbone causing inflammation pain.
OSD is more common in boys than girls it usually affects adolescents between the ages of 10 15 years. Other risk factors include:
– Rapid growth during puberty
– Participating in sports or activities that involve jumping running or changes of direction
– Tightness in the quadriceps or hamstring muscles
– Flat feet or high arches
A diagnosis of OSD is usually made based on a physical examination medical history. In some cases imaging tests such as X-rays MRIs or ultrasounds may be ordered to rule out other conditions.
Treatment for OSD usually involves a combination of rest physical therapy. Ice compression elevation can help reduce pain inflammation. Anti-inflammatory medications like ibuprofen may also be prescribed. Physical therapy exercises can help stretch strengthen the surrounding muscles improve knee function.
In some cases a knee brace or splint may be recommended to support protect the knee during physical activity. In rare cases surgery may be necessary to remove the bony bump that develops at the site of the injury.
To reduce the risk of developing OSD adolescents should:
– Warm up before any physical activity
– Stretch regularly to prevent tightness in the quadriceps or hamstring muscles
– Wear proper shoes that fit well provide support
– Avoid overtraining or excessive activity that can strain the knees
OSD is a common knee condition that affects active adolescents especially those who participate in sports or other physical activities. While the exact cause is not known it is believed to be related to repetitive knee bending jumping. Treatment usually involves rest physical therapy pain management. By taking steps to prevent OSD adolescents can reduce their risk of developing this painful knee condition.
Discussion about this post