Understanding Inad Disease: A Rare Neurological Condition
Inad disease is a rare inherited neurodegenerative condition that affects the nervous system. It is also known as Infantile Neuroaxonal Dystrophy occurs in early childhood. Inadequate awareness knowledge about the condition in medical circles have led to misdiagnoses in several instances.
What Causes Inad Disease?
The underlying cause of Inad disease is the mutation of the PLA2G6 gene. This mutation results in the abnormal buildup of a substance called axonal spheroids which are responsible for destroying nerve cells in the brain spinal cord.
The PLA2G6 gene provides instructions for making an enzyme called Group VI phospholipase A2 which plays a vital part in the normal functioning of nerve cells. In people with Inad disease this enzyme is not produced adequately leading to the accumulation of axonal spheroids.
What are the Symptoms of Inad Disease?
The symptoms of Inad disease typically appear before three years of age although in some cases they may appear later. Some of the most common signs symptoms include developmental delays gradual inability to move muscle weakness loss of vision speech impairment seizures irritability. In some cases affected individuals may also experience liver dysfunction resulting in jaundice an enlarged liver.
Infants affected by Inad disease may show delayed motor skills such as rolling over sitting crawling. Similarly walking talking may also occur later than usual. As the disease progresses loss of previously acquired skills is common.
Diagnosing Inad Disease
Diagnosing Inad disease can be a challenging process because its symptoms can be similar to other neurological disorders such as cerebral palsy muscular dystrophy Parkinson’s disease.
The diagnosis often involves a thorough physical examination a review of the individual’s medical history neurological testing such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) computed tomography (CT) scans. Genetic testing enzyme testing may also be conducted to confirm the diagnosis.
Is there a Cure for Inad Disease?
There is currently no cure for Inad disease treatment is primarily focused on symptomatic relief. Administration of medications to control seizures muscle spasms pain management may alleviate some of the symptoms. In some cases physical therapy may help maintain mobility coordination flexibility.
Families dealing with Inad disease may benefit from seeking emotional support from support groups or professional counseling.
Inad disease is a rare inherited neurodegenerative disorder that affects the nervous system. Its symptoms can appear before three years of age progressively worsen with time. Genetic testing neurological imaging are some of the tools used to diagnose the condition. While there is no cure for Inad supportive therapy medications may help alleviate some of its symptoms. A greater awareness of Inad disease could lead to earlier diagnoses better treatment outcomes for affected individuals.
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