What Is Parkinson’s Disease?
Parkinson’s disease is a progressive disorder of the nervous system that affects movement. It is a degenerative ailment that gradually worsens over time. This chronic ailment is caused by a deficiency of the neurotransmitter dopamine in the brain. Dopamine is an essential chemical messenger in the brain responsible for transmitting signals between neurons that control movement coordination.
Symptoms of Parkinson’s Disease
Parkinson’s disease primarily affects the motor system of the body the symptoms can be divided into two categories – motor non-motor symptoms.
Motor symptoms of Parkinson’s disease include:
– Tremors or shaking of hands arms legs jaw or head especially when at rest.
– Stiffness in the limbs trunk making movement difficult.
– Bradykinesia or slowness of movement.
– Difficulty with balance coordination.
Non-motor symptoms include:
– Sleep disorders
– Loss of sense of smell
– Cognitive impairment
Cause of Parkinson’s Disease
The exact cause of Parkinson’s disease is still unknown but it is believed to be a combination of genetic environmental factors. The majority of cases occur spontaneously without any apparent genetic link but some cases are caused by mutations in specific genes.
Environmental factors such as exposure to pesticides heavy metals head injuries have been linked to an increased risk of Parkinson’s disease. However the role they play in causing the disease remains uncertain.
Treatment of Parkinson’s Disease
There is currently no cure for Parkinson’s disease treatment aims to manage the symptoms improve the patient’s quality of life. The treatment includes medication surgery lifestyle changes.
Medications such as levodopa dopamine agonists MAO inhibitors are commonly used to manage the symptoms of Parkinson’s disease. Deep brain stimulation is a surgical procedure that involves implanting electrodes in the brain to stimulate the areas that control movement.
Maintaining a healthy lifestyle including regular exercise a balanced diet good sleep habits can help manage Parkinson’s disease symptoms improve the patient’s quality of life.
Parkinson’s disease is a chronic illness that significantly affects the patient’s quality of life. It is essential to recognize the symptoms seek medical attention as early intervention can delay the progression of the disease. Although there is no cure for Parkinson’s disease with proper treatment care patients can live a comfortable fulfilling life.
Discussion about this post