What Is Vestibular Disease In Dogs?
Dogs are beloved companions as pet owners we want to keep them healthy happy. Unfortunately just as humans can experience health issues dogs can also face various illnesses. One of the most common conditions that affect dogs is vestibular disease.
What Is the Vestibular System How Does It Work?
The vestibular system is responsible for maintaining balance posture coordination in mammals. In dogs the vestibular system includes the inner ear brainstem cerebellum. The inner ear is responsible for detecting information about the position movement of the head. This information is sent to the brainstem which processes interprets it. The cerebellum then uses this information to coordinate muscle movements maintain balance.
What Causes Vestibular Disease in Dogs?
There are different types of vestibular disease. The most common is idiopathic vestibular disease which has no known cause. This type of vestibular disease is generally more common in older dogs the symptoms usually resolve within a few weeks.
Other types of vestibular disease may be due to infections inflammation tumors or trauma. In some cases certain medications or toxins can also cause vestibular disease.
What Are the Symptoms of Vestibular Disease in Dogs?
The symptoms of vestibular disease can vary depending on the underlying cause. However the most common symptoms include:
– Head tilting or leaning to one side
– Loss of balance or coordination
– Dizziness or disorientation
– Nausea or vomiting
– Rapid eye movements (nystagmus)
– Shaking or tremors
How Is Vestibular Disease Diagnosed?
If you notice any of the symptoms mentioned above it’s essential to take your dog to the veterinarian for a proper diagnosis. Your veterinarian will perform a thorough physical examination may also recommend diagnostic tests such as blood work X-rays or an MRI.
How Is Vestibular Disease Treated?
The treatment for vestibular disease will depend on the underlying cause. If the cause is idiopathic vestibular disease the symptoms will usually resolve on their own within a few weeks. Treatment may include medications to help with nausea dizziness or motion sickness.
If the cause is due to an infection or inflammation your veterinarian may prescribe antibiotics or anti-inflammatory medications. In cases where tumors or trauma are the cause your veterinarian may recommend surgery or other treatments.
Vestibular disease can be a scary unsettling experience for both dogs their owners. However with proper diagnosis treatment most cases of vestibular disease can be managed successfully dogs can go on to live happy healthy lives. If you suspect that your dog may be experiencing vestibular disease don’t hesitate to contact your veterinarian for guidance support.
Discussion about this post