Which Of The Following Diseases Suppresses The Body’s Immune System?
The immune system is a complex network of cells tissues organs that protect the body from harmful invaders such as viruses bacteria other pathogens. However some diseases can weaken or suppress the immune system making individuals vulnerable to infections other health complications.
HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) is a virus that attacks destroys the immune system cells particularly the CD4 T cells which are crucial in fighting off infections. As the virus replicates destroys more T cells the body’s ability to fight off infections diseases diminishes leaving the patient vulnerable to opportunistic infections certain cancers.
AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome) is the advanced stage of HIV infection when the immune system is severely damaged the patient’s health is threatened.
Cancer refers to a group of diseases characterized by uncontrolled growth spread of abnormal cells in the body. Depending on the type stage of cancer some tumors can suppress the immune response making it difficult for the body to fight off infections diseases. Certain cancer treatments such as chemotherapy radiation therapy can also suppress the immune system temporarily increasing the risk of infections.
Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease that causes chronic inflammation pain in the joints in some cases damage to internal organs. The body’s immune system attacks the lining of the joints leading to swelling stiffness pain. However the chronic inflammation can also suppress the immune system make the patient vulnerable to infections.
Lupus is an autoimmune disease that affects multiple organs tissues including the skin joints kidneys blood vessels. The immune system attacks the body’s healthy tissues organs causing inflammation damage. Additionally lupus treatments such as steroids immunosuppressants can further suppress the immune system leaving the patient vulnerable to infections.
Diseases that suppress the immune system can have serious health consequences including increased susceptibility to infections delayed healing poor prognosis. Therefore it is essential to identify manage these conditions promptly to minimize the risk of complications improve patient outcomes. Consult with your healthcare provider if you think you have any symptoms of a weakened immune system.
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